Highlights of events commemorated in 2013 are the major battles of Gettysburg, fought in Pennsylvania during July 1-3, 1863, and Vicksburg, a campaign and siege which lasted from April 1862 to July 4, 1863 in Mississippi. The surrender of Vicksburg meant the loss to the Confederacy of a vital port on the Mississippi river, and cutting its territory in half. The defeat at Gettysburg marked the last attempt of the Confederacy to invade the northern states.
The victory at Vicksburg also brought General Ulysses Grant to the attention of, and eventual appointment by Abraham Lincoln to lead the Union armies. Thus began what is considered to be the final classic struggle of the two commanders who eventually met to determine the end of the war at Appomattox, Virginia in April, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee and Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
For more resources, please visit the Erwin Library’s book exhibit area and consult The American Civil War and Reconstruction bibliography, which contains many links to related periodicals and videos.